Inside the Evolving Hotel Bathroom
Note: This article was originally published in New York Times and is written by Stephanie Rosenbloom. The original content can be found here.
I check into a lot of hotels — and one of the first things I check out is the guest-room bathroom. From no-frills to cushy, cramped to roomy, a hotel bathroom can be an oasis or an eyesore. There are those that are cheap and cheerful, and those that appear to be lit for police interrogations. Others are as slick and dark as nightclubs, more conducive to Do Not Disturb-sign passion than makeup application.
Yet bathrooms are being scrutinized not just by me, but also by millions of travelers now accustomed to using websites and social media to voice their opinions. After all, the hotel bathroom is more than a place to freshen up. It’s considered an indicator of how upscale, current and clean a hotel is, an extension of its identity.
So how do travelers feel about them? TrustYou — a reputation-management company that parses hundreds of thousands of guest reviews from more than 250 websites like TripAdvisor, Twitter and Yelp and then shares that information with hotels and other hospitality companies— says that “bathrooms are failing” even though a 2013 J. D. Power North America report shows that over-all hotel guest satisfaction is at its highest level in seven years.
But what travelers don’t often think about while tearing open the miniature soap is that everything in the bathroom, be it the shower or its humble curtain, is the result of a designer’s careful choices in an effort to balance desires, space and money. What are some of those desires? What new features might be coming? Which are going? (Hint: Enjoy those bathtubs while you still have them.) I asked designers and researchers at some of the world’s leading hotel brands to talk showers, vanities and everything in between.
Most online comments about hotel bathrooms are about size or cleanliness, TrustYou said, with complaints about the latter up 5 percent from last year — though germaphobes take heart; that doesn’t necessarily mean bathrooms are grimier. It could simply mean that more people are complaining. Also, that figure doesn’t account for the vast number of travelers who don’t write online reviews.
Drew Shepard, senior director of consumer insights for Marriott Hotels, spends copious amounts of time listening to travelers: in 2010 and 2011 combined he interviewed more than 7,000 hotel guests in person or through surveys to inform the renovations now underway at Marriott. “The bathroom is a really important signal for a bunch of things,” he said. “You hope it’s a little aspirational, a little better than what you have at home. A little fun.”
And it’s the little things, he said, that add up, which is why Marriott is not only renovating but also investing in things like thicker towels and a new amenity brand (from a Thai company called Thann). It’s also considering — attention, fellow longhaired travelers — more powerful hair dryers. An internal study of more than 6,000 guests last year found that seven in 10 women use a hair dryer when at a Marriott and, when asked, everybody requested higher wattage.
When it comes to bathroom light wattage, TrustYou said it’s not something people usually mention in their reviews, but if they do, the biggest complaint is that it’s too dark. I’ve encountered this, not in monasteries, motels or bed-and-breakfasts but in a class of painfully hip boutique hotels that seem to think travelers want to shower in a space lit like Hernando’s Hideaway. Stephani Robson, a senior lecturer at Cornell University’s School of Hotel Administration who specializes in design psychology, said that’s not surprising given that a lot of boutique hotels are an adaptive reuse of other types of buildings. “They’re very limited in what they can do,” she said. “So they go with the sexy lighting.”
Ideally, hotel rooms would have mirrors worthy of silver screen sirens.
“The best lighting is the Hollywood mirror,” said George Scammell, vice president of global design for Wyndham Worldwide, which manages the Planet Hollywood hotels chain. The company used a makeup consultant to help select the mirrors, great for makeup application because they provide a lot of light from many angles.
You’re unlikely to find a lot of those in your travels; however, lighting is improving as more hotels switch to LED lights from compact fluorescents. “The light quality was not so great,” Erin Hoover, vice president of design for the Westin and Sheraton brands, said of compact fluorescents. Westin now uses LED lights, perceived as warmer and more flattering on more skin tones. There are dimmers too, perfect for travelers with differing ideas about what lighting is best.
“It’s the great makeup divide,” said Ms. Hoover. “Men will sometimes feel like a bathroom is overlit, and those of us who have to put on makeup in the morning think it is just fine.” To that end, Westin also uses pale countertops so light can bounce off them. “You want to have light coming from all directions,” Ms. Hoover said, “or else you look like you’re in a horror movie.”
There are, of course, things some travelers wish their bathrooms didn’t have. Like telephones. And many could do without bath menus and bath butlers, according to research from Hotels.com. Speaking of baths, the tub might be on its last porcelain legs. “We’ve seen a movement away from tubs in the three-star-and-below category in the U.S.,” Professor Robson said. Instead, many hotels are opting for showers. “It’s cheaper, faster. It takes up less space,” she said.
Hand-held shower heads, popular in Asia and Europe, are finally becoming a trend in the United States. “There are guests coming from other places who have this expectation,” Ms. Hoover said.
And besides, as Mr. Scammell of Wyndham put it: “Guests just aren’t taking bubble baths today.”
Wyndham is among the companies considering opting for lavish showers instead of tubs in its more upscale properties (though the company would keep tubs in its connecting double rooms, generally booked by families). A new “shower column” has a rainfall head, body sprayers and, on the side, a hose with a hand-held showerhead. For curtains, the company has designed a recycled shower curtain with a “peek-a-boo” window, netted material across the curtain at eye level, which helps open up the room and prevents guests like me with lurid imaginations from picturing what Mr. Scammell jokingly referred to as a “ ‘Psycho’ situation.”
While the tub may be on the way out, shower benches appear to be in, according to Professor Robson. “Older and larger customers appreciate that,” she said. “And we’re getting older and we’re getting larger.” In a completely unscientific game, she said she can usually guess the number of stars a hotel has received just by looking at the bathroom plans. “Four fixtures? It’s a four-star hotel,” she said. “Five fixtures, it’s a five-star hotel. Six or seven stars? There’s a bidet.”
Also out of vogue: the swinging bathroom door. Brands like Westin and Marriott are opting for sliding doors instead of swing doors. “In urban markets where you have space constraints, we are moving toward what they call barn doors and adding some transparency to them,” Mr. Shepard said, explaining that when you open the door “it doesn’t impede your access to the room.” And the bit of transparency allows light in from the main room.
In low- and mid-tier hotels, makeup mirrors are dwindling. Fewer hotels have them (23 percent in 2012, down from 33 percent in 2010), according to the American Hotel & Lodging Association, an industry group. Westin is among the exceptions. “In our current world of men’s facial hair,” said Ms. Hoover, “they’re using it for shaving and grooming.”
Yet even if a hotel brand wants to trick out its bathrooms, it’s not always possible. “It’s the most expensive space you can touch in a renovation,” said Ms. Hoover. “You’re dealing with plumbing. You’re dealing with tile.”
And the hotels must accommodate the owners of their buildings. “We always work to minimize cost for the hotel developers,” said Mr. Scammell of Wyndham, which, like many brands, doesn’t own the buildings in which its hotels are located.
As Ms. Hoover explained, a lot of North American hotels were built in the 1970s and 1980s, when there was a different concept of what minimum bathroom space was. So the attitude of designers like Ms. Hoover has to be “this space is not going to get any bigger,” she said, “but how can you make the guest feel like it’s more spacious and it’s a more premium experience?”
I’ll even settle for practical. Just, please, turn up the lights.